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Condensed History Of Canadian Scouting

1857
Birth of Robert Stephenson Smyth Powell (later Baden-Powell) - "B-P"
1876-1897
Service in 1301 Hussars (British Cavalry Regiment) in India and Africa
1897-1899
Command of 5' Dragoon Guards, during which time he developed a training scheme of scouting, reconnaissance, living off the land, etc. Men who passed were designated "scouts" and were given a metal fleur-de-lis or northpoint badge.
1899-1900
Command of garrison of Mafeking, under siege during Boer War. An existing cadet corps of boys 9 and up were organized by the adjutant, Lord Edward Cecil, to carry mail, act as orderlies, and man lookout posts, with their own boy officers.
1900
Publication of B-P's book, Aids to Scouting for N.C.O. 's and Men. It was quickly taken up as a training manual by educators and youth leaders.
Mafeking relieved. B-P found himself a popular hero, subject of every imaginable type of souvenir sheet music, china, books, etc. He was promoted the youngest Major-General in the British Army.
1900-1903
B-P formed and commanded the South African Constabulary, designed its uniform and its slogan, "Be Prepared".
1903-1907
B-P appointed Inspector-General of Cavalry.
1904
B-P challenged by William Smith, founder of Boys' Brigade, to develop program for boys based on Aids to Scouting.
1907
B-P completed draft of Boy Scouts program and tested it by taking 22 boys for a 10-day camp on Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, Dorset.
1908
Publication of Scouting for Boys.
Scouting seems to have come to Canada almost immediately.
1909
7 girls, claiming to be Girl Scouts, attended the Crystal Palace Rally.
B-P was knighted by King Edward VII.
King Edward VII agreed that Scouts who gained certain public service badges could be known as King's Scouts. The King's Scout badge was authorized.
1910
Handbook for Girl Guides written by B-P's sister Agnes, and Girl Guides started.
B-P resigned from the army to devote full time to Boy Scouts
Boy Scouts of America started
B-P visited Canada with 2 patrols of British scouts to publicize scouting.
1911
Canadian Scout contingent to Coronation of King George V
1912
Boy Scouts granted Royal Charter.
B-P married Olave StClair Soames, he 55, she 23.
1914-1918
First World War. Scouts acted as coast watchers, harvested flax, messengers. In Ontario Scouts saved berry crop in area west of Toronto. War service badges could be earned.
1916
Wolf Cubs started. B-P wrote Wolf Cubs Handbook, basing program on Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Books .
1918
B-P wrote new handbook for Guides, Girl Guiding.
Rovers were started.
1919
Gilwell Park purchased through generosity of Scottish commissioner, W.F. deBois McLaren (hence the McLaren tartan on the Gilwell neckerchief).
First Wood Badge course for Scoutmasters.
First Canadian Scout Handbook published.
1920
First World Jamboree, Olympia, London
B-P proclaimed Chief Scout of the World.
1922
B-P wrote Rovering to Success.
First Canadian Wood Badge Course.
1924
Second World Jamboree , Denmark.
1929
Third World Jamboree at Arrowe Park, Birkenhead, England
B-P created Lord Baden-Powell of Gilwell by King George V.
1930
Lady B-P named World Chief Guide.
1931
First World Rover Moot, Kandersteg, Switzerland.
1932
First Apple Day, Saint John, New Brunswick.
1933
Fourth World Jamboree, Hungary.
1937
Fifth World Jamboree, Holland.
Ontario Scout Training Centre at Blue Springs opened.
1939-1945
World War Two Scouts performed war service, collected paper and scrap. Scouting was banned by Nazis in Germany and occupied countries, continued to flourish underground, helped Allied servicemen to escape. At end of war, Canadian Scouts financed handbooks for Scouts in occupied countries. Again special badges for war service were introduced.
1941
Death of B-P at 83 in Kenya.
1947
Sixth World Jamboree, France.
1949
First Canadian Jamboree at Ottawa.
1951
Scout Uniform standardized as Green shirt, Navy Blue shorts.
Seventh World Jamboree, Austria.
1952
Death of King George VI and Acession of Queen Elizabeth II. The name of the King's Scout badge was changed to Queen's Scout.
1953
Second Canadian Jamboree at Ottawa.
1955
Eighth World Jamboree, Niagara-on-the- Lake, Canada. First World Jamboree outside Europe.
1957
B-P Centennial, 50th anniversary of Scouting, Jubilee (Ninth) World Jamboree at Sutton Park, England.
1959
Tenth World Jamboree, Philippines
1961
Third Canadian Jamboree, Ottawa.
1963
Eleventh World Jamboree, Greece.
1965
New Uniform and new 5-Star program for Cubs.
1966
Venturer Section introduced ("Older Boy" section until 1968).
1967
Twelfth World Jamboree, Idaho, U.S.A.
Scout Service Corps at Expo 67 World's Fair, Montreal. Scouts were chosen to go for one week at a time, helped raise flags, pushed wheelchairs, etc.
1968
First (and so far, only) Ontario Jamboree, Kelso Conservation Area, Milton. Jamboree ended one day early due to severe storm.
New Scout Badge scheme, maroon and grey Scouter uniform. Queen's Venturer Award designed to take place of Queen's Scout badge.
1971
Girls could become associate Rovers. Female Rover Advisors authorized.
Thirteenth World Jamboree, Japan.
1972
Link Badge scheme introduced.
1973
Chief Scout's Award introduced.
1974
Female Rovers became full members (not to outnumber males in Crew).
Trees for Canada program started.
Beavers became official Section.
1975
Fourteenth World Jamboree "Norjamb" Norway
1977
Death of Lady B-P at age 88.
CJ 77 , Prince Edward Island
1979
Attorney-General Roy McMurtrie thanked Scouts and others for action during the Mississauga Rail Disaster.
Fifteenth World Jamboree was supposed to happen in Iran, but Shah was deposed by Ayatollah Khomeni. A mini jamboree was held on former Norjamb site.
1981
CJ 81 in Kananaskis, Alberta
1982
World Invitational Rover Moot, Camp Wetaskiwin, St Catharines, Ontario.
75' Anniversary of Scouting.
1983
Fifteenth World Jamboree, Kananaskis, Alberta, Canada.
Male-female ratio rule in Rovers abolished.
1984
Girls could become Venturers, female Venturer Advisors authorized.
1985
CJ 85 in Guelph, Ontario.
75' Anniversary of Guiding.
1986
Female Troop Scouters authorized.
1987-88
Sixteenth World Jamboree, Australia.
1989
CJ 89, P.E.I.
1991
New Canadian Scouting Uniform.
Seventeenth World Jamboree, Korea.
1992
Co-ed Option in all Sections.
1993
CJ 93, Kananaskis, Alberta.
1995
Eighteenth World Jamboree, Holland.
1997
CJ 97, Thunder Bay, Ontario.
1999
Full Co-ed program in Canadian Scouting.
Nineteenth World Jamboree, Chile.
2001
CJ 01, P.E.I.
2003
Twentieth World Jamboree, Thailand.
2005
CCJam, Camp Tamaracouta

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